Tell Your Legislator - We Don't Need Even Faster Speed "Limits"


We all know that the chances a car collision will be fatal to a biker or walker rise exponentially with the speed of the car—it’s simple physics. And when fewer folks walk or bike due to cars going too fast for them to feel safe, this threatens not only human health, but climate health as well.

Local control of speed limits is lost

Due to the 85th percentile method, speed limits have been raised on state “trunkline” roads within the city limits of municipalities throughout the state such as Ypsilanti, Saline, and Ann Arbor, despite the fact that the city’s governments and residents may be opposed to the raised limits.

How can this be? To find out, I produced a public radio segment on speed limits and their impacts of safety—you can listen to it at: http://wemu.org/post/green-room-local-speed-limits-and-bicyclepedestrian-safety

In the process of in-depth research for that show, including interviewing the lead investigator of the study that is used to justify the method, I learned that while the 85th percentile method may be somewhat safer for drivers, it is not at all safer for bicyclists and pedestrians.

How is the 85th determined?

When a speed study is performed to determine the 85th percentile speed, any car that is slowing down because a bicyclist or pedestrian is present IS NOT COUNTED. Only free-flowing traffic is counted. One hundred measures are taken, and then plotted. The 85th percentile is the speed FASTER THAN 85% of the other drivers. It is NOT the speed 85% of people are driving. Rather, it is the head of the pack.

The end result is that the speed limit is adjusted upwards, higher than where most people are comfortable driving. And as we know, most people routinely drive a little faster than the speed limit. So the upward creep feeds on itself.

And the faster cars are going, the fewer folks are willing to walk or bike those roadways. Not including goals for increasing biking and walking when setting speed limits does not make sense at a time when cities are striving hard to achieve climate action goals.

A point of agreement

Most folks agree that changing the condition of the road (e.g. narrowing it, adding traffic calming, etc.) is more effective in reducing speeds than is posting more signs and/or increasing enforcement. But, the money is just not there to change every road to a condition that brings speeds down to a level that is safe for walkers and bikers. If we throw up our hands and allow the fastest speeders to dictate our speed limits, we are cheating ourselves and our future.

Action steps

Check out the plethora of resources about speed limits, including the transcript from a speed limit forum we hosted in 2014, on the website www.michiganspeedlimits.org.

Contact your state senator (http://www.senate.michigan.gov/fysbyaddress.html) and representative (http://www.house.mi.gov/mhrpublic/) and let your views be known. Also contact the members of the committees that are considering the legislation:

House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee

Peter Pettalia (R) Committee Chair, 106th District

Ben Glardon (R) Majority Vice-Chair, 85th District

Jeff Farrington (R) 30th District

Ken Goike (R) 33rd District

Bradford Jacobsen (R) 46th District

Ken Yonker (R) 72nd District

Dan Lauwers (R) 81st District

Michael McCready (R) 40th District

Triston Cole (R) 105th District

David Maturen (R) 63rd District

Marilyn Lane (D) Minority Vice-Chair, 31st District

David Rutledge (D) 54th District - Washtenaw County

Charles Smiley (D) 50th District

Tom Cochran (D) 67th District

Scott Dianda (D) 110th District

Sheldon Neeley (D) 34th District

Senate Transportation Committee

Tom Casperson (R) Committee Chair, 38th District

Ken Horn (R) Vice Chair, 32nd District

Phil Pavlov (R) 25th District

Jim Marleau (R) 12th District

Hoon-Yung Hopgood (D) Minority Vice Chair, 6th District

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